Aim: To find the disparities between the number of men and women represented in scientific/technical careers

Year: 2007

Participants:
  • 415 students
    • Classified as either physical science or humanities
    • 203 Males
    • 212 Females
    • Recruited via email
    • Excluded if they had a psychiatric illness

Procedure :
  • Completed 2 questionnaires
  • & 2 tasks on a secure university website
  • Questionnaires
    • Scores on SQ-R can range from 0-150
    • Scores on EG can range from 0-80
    • Scores gave the individuals a "brain type"

Task:
  • Forced choice version of the embedded figures task
  • Selecting one of two answers
  • Participants told they would see a series of 12 pairs of diagrams
  • Eyes test was also given - empathy

Scoring:
  • For performance tasks 1 point per correct answer and 1 bonus point if they were in the top 25% fastest time of correct answers

Results:
  • Sex difference between 2 academic disciplines
    • 59.1% of physical science were male
    • 70.1% of humanities female

  • Overall there is evidence for E > S in female and S > E in males
  • By Degree:
    • 56.3% PS / 29.9% H - Type S
    • 14.2% PS / 41.5% H - Type E
  • Overall evidence for E > S in humanities and S > E in physical sciences

Weakness
  • Way in which participants were gotten
  • Allowed to leave and come back

Strengths
  • Quantitative

Questions:
  • What are some of the strengths & weaknesses of the study