Asia Lewis
Arinelle Lewis
Johannah Gonzalez
Emily Schwarck

There was a pilot study to determine neutral action (Throwing the ball)
Two types of pictures: Implied & Explicit
Three groups: Verbal, Verbal-Implied, Verbal-Explicit

Good Motive: Boy wanted to share the ball with his friend
Bad Motive: Boy was mad at and wanted to hurt his friend
Good Outcome: Friend was happy and played
Bad Outcome: Friend got hurt and cried.

To determine the conditions under which the moral judgments of 3-4 year old children would reflect their consideration and use of motives as well as outcomes.

60 preschool aged children aged 3-4 (mean: 3 years, 4 months)
30 second grade students aged 6-8 (mean: 7 years, 4 months)
-All White, Middle Class, Urban Area, With Parental Consent
-Even number of Female & Male participants

Research Method: Experiment

How was data collected? ‘Goodness' was rated on a 7 point smiley face scale. Faces ranged in size and from happy to sad with neutral in between.

What type of data? Quantitative

Children were told 4 stories (with pictures)
-Good Motive, Good Outcome
-Good Motive Bad Outcome
-Bad Motive, Good Outcome
-Bad Motive, Bad Outcome
Children were interviewed individually and shown how to use the scale (given an example)
Children Rated ‘Goodness’ on Scale
Children were asked to repeat the story

Special Equipment: 7 point ‘Goodness’ Scale

Results: in Verbal Condition, children rated on motive

Conclusions: Any negative cue, may lead to a negative judgement

Strengths: Scale was child friendly and easy to understand

Weaknesses: Interviewers demonstrated how to use the scale (bias?); Sample was not diverse (generalization?)

Ecological Validity: Very High Ecological Validity. The study was very realistic and did simulate a possible real life situation.

Ethics: None.